Goat Feed

Indigofero for goat feed.

Indigofera teysamii

Cut Indigofera every 30 days and this is where he discovered that this plant is a very fast-growing legume. Cutting it every 30 days also improved its palatability and digestibility. The Saanen goats love it and when the animals are happy they give more milk, Rene relates. The milking goats are fed with about 800 grams of concentrates a day. The concentrate feed consists of ground corn (40 percent), rice bran (20 percent), copra (15 percent), molasses (10 percent), soya meal (8 percent) and vitamins and minerals. This formulation contains about 18 percent protein which is necessary for high milk production. The 800 grams for one day feeding are divided into four. The first 200 grams is given at 6o’clock in the morning. Once the feed is consumed, indigofera and some other leaves are given. This is repeated at 10’oclock, 2 o’clock and 6 o’clock p.m. Why give the feeds four times? Rene points out that frequent feeding will keep the stomach of the animal filled with just the right amount. There will be no gap that will make the stomach empty. That way, digestion of the nutrients will be continuous. The beneficial microorganisms will be at work continuously.

Forage Crops

Varieties

S.No.

Crop/Variety

Year of release

Parentage

Green fodder yield (t/ha)

Special features

 

I. CEREAL FORAGES

1

Sorghum

CO 27

(60-65 days)

( Sorghum bicolor)

1986

CO 11 x S. halepense

35-40

Thin stem, ratoonable, drought tolerant

2

COFS 29

(Multi cut)

2001

TNS 30 x S. sudanense

170

(5 cuts)

More tillers, ratoonable

(5 times/year).

3

Pearl millet

CO 8

(50-55 days)

(Pennisetum glaucum)

1992

No.732 A x Sweet Giant Bajra

30

Soft stem, high leaf -stem ratio, highly palatable

 

II. GRASSES

4

Bajra Napier Hybrid (P)

CO 1

1982

PT 2787 x Pennisetum purpureum

300-350*

Drought tolerant, high yielding

5

CO 2

1991

No.8369 x

FD 488

350*

High yielding

6

CO 3

1996

PT 1697 x Pennisetum purpureum

350-400*

High yielding, high leaf- stem ratio, highly palatable

7

CO (CN) 4

2008

CO 8 x

FD 461

382*

Profuse tillering and non lodging, more leaf stem ratio, high dry matter, crude protein content and palatability. Free from pest and diseases

8

Guinea grass (P)

CO 1

(Panicum maximum)

1993

Clonal selection from Coimbatore local

200-250*

Shade tolerant, thin stem

9

CO 2

2000

CO 1 x Centenario

270*

Shade tolerant, thin stem

10

CO (GG) 3

2009

Clonal selection from Mumbasa-

a collection from Africa

424*

High green fodder yield, Profuse tillering, and non lodging, high leaf stem ratio, shade tolerant, highly palatable. Free from pest and disease

11

Kolukkattai grass (P)

(Blue Anjan)

CO 1

(Cenchrus glaucus)

1989

Selection from FS 391

40*

Highly suitable for rainfed conditions

12

Deenanath grass

CO 1

(60-65 days)

(Pennisetum pedicellatum)

1995

Gamma ray mutant of

Pusa 3

40-45

(2 cuts)

High tillering, thin stem, highly palatable, drought resistant

 

III. LEGUMES

13

Lucerne (P)

CO 1

(Medicago sativa)

1980

Selection from Coimbatore local

80-90*

High yielding, Cuscuta free

14

Cowpea

CO 5

(55-60 days)

(Vigna unguiculata)

1986

Gamma ray mutant of

CO 1

25-30

Early maturity, high yield

15

CO (FC) 8

2004

A cross derivative from

CO 5 x N 331

30-35

Semi spreading, erect in early stage, Indeterminate type with luxurious growth.

 

IV. TREE FODDER

16

Subabul (P)

CO 1

(Leucaena leucocephala)

1984

Selection from Giant Ipil Ipil K-28

80-100*

High yielding, high protein, drought tolerant

The BMC (Karnaataka) needs to understand that this plant is of no use and is instead killing the environment. This plant has the capacity to kill other plants that grows adjacent to it.

This is not an Indian species. It was brought under the assumption that it would benefit the environment but is now actually harming it.

 

V. INTRODUCTIONS

17

Velimasal (P)

(Desmanthus virgatus)

1976

Introduction from Thailand

125*

High yielding, drought tolerant, pasture legume

18

Muyal masal (P)

(Stylosanthes scabra)

1976

Introduction from Australia

30-35*

Rainfed pasture legume

19

Pudia Soundal (P)

(Leucaena diversifolia)

1999

Selection from FD 1423

40-45*

Highly suitable for rainfed condition, Psyllid tolerant

 

(P) - Perennial

* - t/ha/year