January 21, 2005

Tsunami Earthquake Disaster Causes: Facts And Speculations

Types and locations of earthquakes induced by man - Click on the map to enlarge it - Source: Oilfield Review Summer 2000

 

Is it reasonable to question possible alternative causes for the tsunami earthquake disaster?

Are you really so sure that earthquakes cannot be easily triggered by either planned or careless human action?

If you are someone who loves to get news from TV, while getting some of the rest from a major newspaper, this article is not for you. Here you will only get pissed, frustrated and angry at me, as what is written here below shows how little we ask, question or even explore major issues to get some personal understanding and insight into whatever may interest us.

The facts and wild speculation you will find in this article will put your ability to stay cool to the test and to ask yourself some serious questions.

The most important of all being: do you have some hard data to prove things went actually differently?

This is not an attempt at proving anything but a good exercise at evaluating how open you are at considering things from angles that are not the ones offered to you by the mainstream media.

Can you momentarily suspend your assumptions and explore some alternative ways to understand what may have really caused this tragic event?

On December 26th two plates in the earth's crust shifted, tearing the sea floor for 1,000 kilometers north of Indonesia. This very rapidly created an undersea cliff, between 10 and 30 meters high. The shockwaves and displacement of water created waves through the ocean into the entire surrounding region.

What our planet is now experiencing is in many cases the simple repercussion of decades of environmental exploitation done by man. Lots of this exploitation circles around unique natural resources interests. In fact, it would be more accurate to say that much of it circles around oil.

Most people assume the technology used for such type of deep-sea oil exploration has insufficient power to trigger such large scale geological events, discarding the need to go out to do their personal research, exploration and finding.

Too bad. They would have found some interesting things.

What in fact not many people know, is that just below the speculation layer valuable resources are available that are worth giving a good read. Some provide you with more detailed information about this sonar-like sound waves that are sent into the ocean floor at up to 40 km of depth. The rest focuses on the analysis of how much man-induced action on or underground can effectively facilitate if not altogether trigger true serious seismic activity (read earthquakes).

For most everyone getting that feeble, highly processed and refined news stream that TV provides it is impossible to have enough information to evaluate alternative scenarios or to even question what gets reported. The key enabler here in fact is the ability to access more information sources, directly and without filters. Direct access to multiple independent sources of information provides who accesses them with the real ability to evaluate, assess, explore and choose the explanation that best fits his goals.

While I am in no way suggesting a conspiracy or the glaring evidence for a man-generated disaster, here is some seriously unique speculation and some quite interesting and unexposed facts about how the tsunami earthquake could have had in pure principle nothing of the coincidence and everything of a mill metric plan or of a careless human overlook.

Wikipedia also reports:

"The earthquake came just three days after a magnitude 8.1 earthquake in a completely uninhabited region west of New Zealand's sub-Antarctic Auckland Islands, and north of Australia's Macquarie Island [8].

This would normally be unusual, since earthquakes of magnitude 8 or more typically occur only about once per year on average [9].

Seismologists have speculated about a possible connection between these two earthquakes, saying that the former one might have been a catalyst to the Indian Ocean earthquake, as the two quakes happened on opposite sides of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate."

 

 

 

Earthquake: Coincidence or a Corporate Oil Tragedy?

December 28, 2004

By: Andrew Limburg

Independent Media TV

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Material by:
Andrew Limburg

Material from:
Independent Media TV

Material about:
Top Stories Ignored By U.S. Media

Material about:
Oil

Now I don’t claim to be an expert on seismic activity, but there has been a series of events which led up to the 9.0 earthquake of the coast of Indonesia which can not be ignored. This all could be an enormous coincidence, but one must look at the information and choose for themselves whether there is anything to it.

On November 28th, one month ago, Reuters reported that during a 3 day span 169 whales and dolphins beached themselves in Tasmania, an island of the southern coast of mainland Australia and in New Zealand. The cause for these beaching is not known, but Bob Brown, a senator in the Australian parliament, said "sound bombing" or seismic tests of ocean floors to test for oil and gas had been carried out near the sites of the Tasmanian beaching recently.

According to Jim Cummings of the Acoustic Ecology Institute, Seismic surveys utilizing air guns have been taking place in mineral-rich areas of the world’s oceans since 1968. Among the areas that have experienced the most intense survey activity are the North Sea, the Beaufort Sea (off Alaska’s North Slope), and the Gulf of Mexico; areas around Australia and South America are also current hot-spots of activity.

The impulses created by the release of air from arrays of up to 24 air guns create low frequency sound waves powerful enough to penetrate up to 40km below the seafloor. The “source level" of these sound waves is generally over 200dB (and often 230dB or more), roughly comparable to a sound of at least 140-170dB in air.

According to the Australian Conservation Foundation, these 200dB – 230dB shots from the air guns are fired every 10 seconds or so, from 10 meters below the surface, 24 hours a day, for 2 week periods of time, weather permitting.

These types of tests are known to affect whales and dolphins, whose acute hearing and use of sonar is very sensitive.

On December 24th there was a magnitude 8.1 earthquake more than 500 miles southeast of Tasmania near New Zealand, with a subsequent aftershock 6.1 a little later in the morning that same day.

On December 26th, the magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck at the intersection of the Australian tectonic plate and the Indian tectonic plate. This is the devastating tsunami tragedy that we have all heard about in the Indian Ocean. The death toll of this horrific event has reached 120,000 souls and continues to rise.

On December 27th, 20 whales beached themselves 110 miles west of Hobart on the southern island state of Tasmania.

What is interesting about this is that the same place where the whale beaching have been taking place over the last 30 days is the same general area where the 8.1 Australian earthquake took place, and this is the same area where they are doing these seismic tests. Then 2 days after the Australian tectonic plate shifted, the 9.0 earthquake shook the coast of Indonesia.

A great deal of interest and seismic testing has been taking place in this area, as the government of Australia has given great tax breaks to encourage the oil exploration.

Two Geologists that I spoke to felt that it was highly unlikely that these seismic tests would have had enough energy to induce the Australian quake. On the other hand there is strong evidence that suggests that oil exploration activities have induced earthquakes in the past.

Again, I don't claim to be an expert. I'm writing this story to bring attention to some interesting facts, so that those who are experts can investigate this fully.

We will be following up on this story as more information is gathered.

Photos:

Whale Beaching in Tasmania, Australia and New Zealand on November 30th, 2004

Photo: Jason  South / Reuters - A woman and her  son look at carcasses of long-finned pilot  whales and bottle-nosed  dolphins stranded on Sea Elephant Beach on  Tasmania's King Island in  Australia.



Location of Australian 8.1 Earthquake between Tasmania, Australia and New Zealand on December 24th - The Australian / New Zealand earthquake is the one on the bottom right hand side of the picture

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/recenteqsww/Maps/region/Australia.gif



Location of the 9.0 Indonesian Earthquake and it’s relationship to the Australian Tectonic Plate

From the governments own website,     http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/bulletin/neic_slav_fig72hi-res.jpg

Additional Information:

http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=570&ncid=753&e=5&u=/nm/20041224/sc_nm/quake_australia_antarctica_dc
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=570&ncid=753&e=2&u=/nm/20041227/sc_nm/quake_environment_dc
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=570&ncid=753&e=1&u=/nm/20041228/sc_nm/environment_australia_whales_dc
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=516&ncid=716&e=1&u=/ap/20041228/ap_on_re_as/quake_tidal_waves
http://www.independent-media.tv/item.cfm?fmedia_id=9943&fcategory_desc=Environment
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/recenteqsww/Quakes/usslav.htm
http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/bulletin/neic_slav_fig72hi-res.jpg
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/recenteqsww/Quakes/ussjal.htm

Original Link: http://www.independent-media.tv/item.cfm?fmedia_id=10211&fcategory_desc=Under%20Reported

 

a) Some heavy speculation

Tsunami Explained
by Larry Chomstein

April 12, 2001. After the Indonesian government condemns Bush’s Iraq policy, The World Bank (at which George H. W. Bush once had a savings account) cancels a $300 million loan to Indonesia, destroying the tiny nation’s fragile economy and condemning millions to a slow death by starvation.
(Source: CNN)

October 30, 2001: In an act reminiscent of the Boston Tea Party, a group of romantic freedom fighters known as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) attack and sink an oil tanker off the coast of Sri Lanka. Millions of gallons of petrol are dumped into the sea. Enron CEO Jeff skilling resigns as stocks plummet 89%. Halliburton stock drops 67%. A federal investigation is launched into the financial activities of both companies.
(Source: CNN)

July 24, 2002: Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe meets with U.S. peeResident George W. Bush in Washington to apologize for the loss of the oil, and to seek his support in the eradication of the peace loving Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

October 22, 2003. Bush visits Indonesia, home of the world’s largest Muslim population, under the guise of offering the nation education funding in return for support in his War on Terror. In secret, he strikes a deal with President Megawati to construct a pipeline from his oil rich country to refineries in Sri Lanka. In return, the World Bank would secure a loan for the developing country in the amount of $300 million. (Source: White House)

July 17, 2004. Halliburton Indonesia is awarded a three year contract to provide temperature setting technology for oil pipelines. (Source: Pipeline Magazine)

November 2, 2004: Prime Minister Wickremesinghe of Sri Lanka meets with Bush and consents to the plan, but worries that the peace loving Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam might try to sabotage the pipeline. Bush assures him that the Tigers will cease to be a problem as soon as Sri Lanka endorses his unholy “War on Terror". (Source: WSWS)

November 5, 2004: The Sri Lankan Prime Minister issues gushing praise of Bush, declaring, “You have given hope to many countries in the world that are saddled with the menace of terrorism.” (Sources: Colombo Page, WSWS)

December 17, 2004: Indonesia, a wholly owned and operated subsidiary of Halliburton, Inc., receives a World Bank loan in the sum of $300 million. (Sources: International Herald Tribune, CCMEP)

Now all of dots are re-connected. Only one thing stands in his way of gaining complete control of South Asia’s oil - the Nicobar Islands.

If one draws a straight line from Indonesia to Sri Lanka, they’ll find it dissects the southernmost tip of the Nicobar Archipelago, specifically Great Nicobar Island.

India claims dominion of the Islands, yet the superior Chinese Navy has exerted influence on the surrounding waters for years.

Bush may be an imperialist aggressor bent on world domination, but he won’t bully someone who can fight back.

So in order for his pipe-dream to be fulfilled, he’d have to either build it around the Nicobar or move the entire island of Sumatra southwest 100 feet.

December 25, 2004. An earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale strikes deep in the Indian ocean, moving the entire island of Sumatra 100 feet southwest and sending tidal waves crashing into Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

continues here:::
Source:
Bush's Lust for Oil Claims 24,000 More Lives
December 26 2004
by Larry Chomstein

b) Some hard facts

References:

Lamont-Dougherty Earth Observatory - Website of a leading geology research center run by Columbia University. Includes information on air guns used for academic research.

Description of operations of Seismic Air guns - A detailed explanation of the physical operation of air guns, from the website of Robertson Research International, an oil and gas consulting firm.



Air gun noise technology is unknown to most people.

"It is difficult to track industrial survey plans, which are often considered trade secrets, and involve permitting from countries around the world.

Some countries have begun to take a harder look at air gun noise; during 2004, Mexico has rejected permits for both academic and industrial surveys, and Brazil is prohibiting surveys near a key marine reserve.

Still, worldwide awareness of the long-range acoustic effects of surveys is only beginning to develop."

from:
Seismic Exploration and Drilling:
Surveys and Leases Being Planned for the Near Future


From
Oilfield Review Summer 2000 - Seismicity in the Oil Field
PDF version


Earthquakes can be triggered by human action

Scientists have observed that earthquakes can be triggered by human action.

Induced seismicity, or seismic activity caused directly by human involvement, has been detected as a result of water filling large surface reservoirs, development of mineral, geothermal and hydrocarbon resources, waste injection, underground nuclear explosions and large-scale construction projects.

It is important to understand the conditions under which seismicity may be induced so that these operations can be performed safely.

The notion that human activity can provoke earthquakes is not new.

In the 1870s, proposals for impounding water in man-made lakes across regions of southern California, USA, were rejected because of concerns that this might trigger earthquakes.

The hundreds of small earth-quakes detected immediately after the 1936
drilling of the Hoover Dam in Nevada and Arizona, USA, provided the first definite evidence of such an effect. Since then, more than 100 other cases have been reported around the world."

"In all these cases, the result of human interference was to change the state of stress in the surrounding volume of earth. If the stress change is big enough, it can cause an earthquake, either by fracturing the rock mass—in the case of mining or underground explosions—or by causing rock to slip along existing zones of weakness.

...

In many areas where the rock is not under large tectonic stresses, the seismic energy released during induced events is low—typically of magnitude 0 to 3—and not even felt on the earth’s surface.

However, if the rock mass is already under large tectonic stresses, the energy added by man’s endeavors can have a destabilizing influence.

Even minor actions can trigger strong seismicity."




Correlating Seismic Activity with Hydrocarbon Exploitation

It is always difficult to know whether seismicity is the result of human modifications in the region or if it is natural seismic activity related to tectonic processes; timing could be the key to knowing the difference.

In general, the answer might be obtained if a regional seismic network had been installed in advance of the hydrocarbon development, dam construction or mining operation. The seismic network could record a background level of natural seismicity and quantify its characteristics. If, after the beginning of human action, a significant change in seismicity character is recorded, it could reasonably be interpreted as a seismic reaction of the rock formation to man’s intervention.

Installation of seismic recording networks and assessment of background seismic activity are already common practice in regions where the level of natural seismicity is high. However, instable areas without a history of natural seismicity and where no sizeable earthquakes are expected, an advance seismic background study usually is not performed."

"The correlation between seismic activity and hydrocarbon exploitation means the two are related, but it does not indicate which one is the cause, which one is the effect, and how long it takes the cause to create the effect."




Exploiting Seismicity

Few will deny that there is a relationship between hydrocarbon recovery and seismic activity, but exactly how strong a relationship exists has yet to be determined. Furthermore, what can or should be done about it sparks another debate.

In regions of high tectonic potential energy, hydrocarbon production can cause severe increases in seismic activity and trigger strong earthquakes..."




Source:
Oilfield Review Summer 2000 - Seismicity in the Oil Field
PDF version
Goggle cache of the PDF

Authors:
Vitaly V. Adushkin
Vladimir N. Rodionov
Sergey Turuntaev
Institute of Dynamics of Geospheres,
Russian Academy of Sciences
Moscow, Russia

Alexander E. Yudin
Ministry of Fuel and Energy of the Russian Federation
Moscow, Russia




Detailed References

Nikolaev NI: On the state of study of induced earthquakes, related with industrial activity. In: An influence of industrial activity on the seismic regime. - Moscow : Nauka, 1977 (in Russian).

Gupta H, Rastogi B: Dams and earthquakes. - New York : Elsevier Scientific Publishing, 1976.

Pasechnik IP: Earthquakes induced by underground nuclear explosions. In: An influence of industrial activity on the seismic regime. - Moscow : Nauka, 1977: 142-152 (in Russian).

Simpson DW: Triggered Earthquakes. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet Sci. 14 (1986): 21-42.

Nicholson C, Wesson RL: Earthquake hazard associated with deep well injection : a report to the US Environmental Protection Agency. US Geological Survey Bulletin 1951 (1990).

Milne WG, Berry MJ: Induced Seismicity in Canada. Engineering Geology 10 (1976): 219-226.

Grasso J-R: Mechanics of Seismic Instabilities Induced by the Recovery of Hydrocarbons. Pure Appl. Geophys. 139, no. 3/4 (1992): 507-534.2.

Bolt B: Earthquakes : a primer. - San Francisco : Freeman, 1978.3.

Guha SK, Patil DN: Large water-reservoir related induced seismicity. In Knoll P (ed): Induced Seismicity. - Rotterdam : Balkema, 1992: 243-266.4.

Evans DM: Man-made earthquakes in Denver. Geotimes 10, no. 9 (May-June 1966): 11-18.8.

Raleigh CB, Healy JH, Bredehoeft JD: An experiment in earthquake control at Rangely, Colorado. Science 191, no. 4233 (March 1976): 1230-1237.9.

Sadovsky MA, Kocharyan GG, Rodionov VN: On the mechanics of block rock massif. Report of the Academy of Sciences of USSR 302, no. 2 (1988): 193-197 (in Russian).

Rodionov VN, Sizov IA, Kocharyan GG: On the modeling of natural objects in geomechanics. In: Discrete properties of geophysical medium. - Moscow : Nauka, 1989: 14-18 (in Russian)

Tsunami Video Footage: Where To Find It
Here it is. This is my best effort at bringing together all of the videos, amateur footage and official TV news stories that have appeared on the Web in the last seven days. It is a growing collection that would... read more
January 02, 2005

Readers' Comments

January 22, 2005 10:51 PM

julesH

There would appear to be absolutely no doubt that activities causing intense underwater noise, including military sonar activities, lead to the stranding and deaths of whales.

On November 11, 2004, the 16 member states of the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic area (ACCOBAMS) approved a resolution calling for "extreme caution" in conducting activities that produce intense underwater noise.

This action came just two weeks after the European Parliament, seeking to protect marine mammals and other marine life, adopted a groundbreaking resolution calling for a moratorium on the use of high-intensity active naval sonars.

It also came days after the Spanish Ministry of Defense announced its intention to ACCOBAMS to prohibit all active sonar exercises off the coast of the Canary Islands, the site of many whale stranding coincident with military training exercises.

Read more at: http://www.nrdc.org/media/pressreleases/041111.asp



 

January 22, 2005 11:05 PM

julesH

Robin - your readers may also be interested in this list on the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association's (APPEA) website, detailing the extent of oil and gas exploration in the region. 2004 does seem to have been a particularly busy period...

See: http://www.appea.com.au/History/



 

January 22, 2005 11:19 PM

Francis

Here's a link to the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association's (APPEA) press release "Boost for Oil Exploration Effort in Australia" of May 11, 2004, announcing significant tax breaks:

http://www.appea.com.au/Download.asp?Filename=Budget+Press+Release%2Epdf&ID=456


January 27, 2005 09:36 AM

Sepp Hasslberger

Just saw an article discussing oil exploration in relation to earthquakes. Some of the facts of geophysics...

Indonesian Tsunami Probably Tripped by Exxon-Mobil Works


 

January 29, 2005 10:34 AM

Martin

According to geophysicist, Gresham R. T Clacy, the tsunami occurred as a direct result of a meteor impact in the sea. The seismic recordings and wave effects are also are typical of this type of event. The wave front moved out in a circle, which is NOT what you would expect if the energy source had been a linear fault caused by tectonic plate movement. Meteorite impacts would also explain the deaths of marine animals on other occasions. Clacy can't say whether it's a deliberate government cover-up or whether scientists are just too stupid to figure out that it was a meteor impact.


March 21, 2005 07:10 PM

Doompoly

Hello,

Oil extraction produced earthquakes has been a theory of mine for quite some time now. I hope these links/references shed some light on the facts about Human induced earthquakes...

Enjoy:

http://www.norsar.no/seismology/services/induc.html

http://www.nyx.net/~dcypser/induceq/induceq.html



1. US has developed such technique to create an earthquake and tsunami. Cohen had talked about it as early as 1997, though he blamed the "others". Re: "Others are engaging even in an eco type of terrorism, whereby they can alter the climate, set off earthquakes or volcanoes remotely, through the use of electromagnetic waves." American Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen, April 1997.

http://vialls.net/subliminalsuggestion/tsunami.html

4. Generally, Inside group will have a man of their own in charge the business to cover up their illegal activity. I talked of Bush and Arnold about this. They have one there - the President of Indonesia: Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. He was an military intelligence officer. He has attended various training courses in the U.S. and the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. He took the President's seat in October 2004. Two months later, on 12/26, tsunami took place.

5. Yudhoyono benefited from tsunami politically. The earthquake took place in West Indonesia. Aceh Province is the nearest area to earthquake center. People there suffered the heaviest loss. Aceh is a rebellion province where armed force having a war with government. Now it is weakened.